Mawlamyine's Colonial Past
Mawlamyine is the fourth largest city in Myanmar after Yangon, Mandalay and Nyapidaw. It is located 160 kilometers to the east of Yangon across the Gulf of Mottama and has a population of approximately 400,000 people. It's former name during British colonial times was Moulmein and now, also transliterated as Mawlamyaing. During the British era, Mawlamyine was once the capital of Burma, East India Company and was home to prominent British author George Orwell who served in the British Indian Imperial Police Force in the region between 1922 to 1927. George Orwell wrote his book Burmese Days, published in 1934, based on his experiences living in this region at the time.
Remnants of Myanmar's British colonial past is evident in Mawlamyine by the many colonial buildings that still exist today. Many of the major roads in Mawlamyine were also planned and built during the British presence and have been designed for driving on the left as is the case for many Commonwealth countries, despite Myanmar now changing to driving on the right carriage way. This change makes it interesting when negotiating merging traffic at fork roads in the city.
Mawlamyine.com aims to promote the city's culture and historical heritage and the advancement of tourism in the area.
- Last Updated: 07 July 2016